Protective sheets

by M. Arjoca,

Shredded wood mulchThe mulch – tree bark, straw or leaves can be used to cover the ground or some perennial plants and to protect them from frost or to keep the moisture in the ground.

Some plants can be covered with straw and leaves and then with plastic sheet. Also corn stalks can be placed around trees. When it’s necessary you can wrap wire around or above the bark, straw, leaves and stalks so the winds can not blow them away.

The compost can be used as mulch too. It protects the roots from frosting, keeps the moisture and makes the soil fertile.

Also you can use stones, shredded wood, pine needles or sawdust as mulch on paths.

Fleece on tomato plantThe fleece – allows the light, air and water to pass through, but keeps the temperature. It is made from polypropylene and protects the plants from frost, snow, winds and birds. The plants can be covered with it.To protect the tomatoes for example, you can make hoods and put them on the cane of plants or directly on plants. Fleece can also cover climber plants but it must be well fixed so the winds don't blow it. You can use also fleece frames. If the fleece is too thin it can be double folded for a better protection. Pay attention when you put it on plants because it can tear apart.



Non-porous sheet on a raised bedThe non-porous sheet – is made of plastic and lets the light pass through but not the air and the water. Because condensation occurs, the sheet must be rolled up during warm days to let the air and light come. This type of sheets is good for frost night protection and to create a good microclimate for germination and seedlings. You can make tunnels from it. The plants can be covered during the night first with fleece and then with non-porous sheet but during the day the non-porous sheet must be removed. If the leaves touch the sheet they can rot because the condensation. Besides the protection against frost, wind and rain, this sheet offers protection against birds too.

The bubble sheet – is very efficient against frost because the bubbles contain a intermediate layer of air which protects better. The ventilation must be done from time to time because the condensation forms. This type of sheets lets a certain quantity of light pass through, so in the spring it’s better to be replaced with fleece.

Cold frameThe cold frame – is a frame made from wood or other material and has a transparent roof made from glass, plastic or other materials. The roof can be lifted. The cold frames are used to protect the plants from frost, to prolong the growing season and to help the plants adapt to outside conditions. Because condensation forms the ventilation must be done from time to time in this case too.


Green houseThe greenhouse - made from glass or plastic, protects very well against bad weather and against some pests like slugs and snails or birds. But you must assure a good air circulation from time to time. You can grow plants inside in winter especially if it has also a heating system.


The cloches – are covers made from glass, plastic, wire or other materials and protect a row of plants (like a tunnel) or just a single plant (like a bell). They can have many shapes (bell, tunnel, tent etc) and protect the plants from frost, rains, winds, birds. The difference between the cloches and the cold frames is that the cloches can be moved easy.

Wood boxThe wood boxes - protect from wind and frost.




The newspapers – make a helmet from them and cover the plants against frost.

The cardboard boxes – can cover and protect the plants very well.

Bottle clocheThe plastic bottles – cut them and cover the plants with the upper side. You can water through the bottle's neck.





The glass jars – can also be used.

The pots – empty pots can cover the plants too.

Don’t forget to remove the covers from newspapers, cardboard, wood boxes, glass, jars, pots in the morning to let the light and air come. The newspapers and cardboard are not resistant to water.